Gravity Compensation for Mechanisms with Prismatic Joints
Received 12 September 2022; accepted 21 November 2022; published 19 December 2022
2022, Vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 817-829
Author(s): Demian A. A., Klimchik A. S.
This paper is devoted to the design of gravity compensators for prismatic joints. The proposed compensator depends on the suspension of linear springs together with mechanical transmission mechanisms to achieve the constant application of force along the sliding span of the joint. The use of self-locking worm gears ensures the isolation of spring forces. A constantforce mechanism is proposed to generate counterbalance force along the motion span of the prismatic joint. The constant-force mechanism is coupled with a pin-slot mechanism to transform to adjust the spring tension to counterbalance the effect of rotation of the revolute joint. Two springs were used to counterbalance the gravity torque of the revolute joint. One of the springs has a moving pin-point that is passively adjusted in proportion with the moving mass of the prismatic joint. To derive the model of the compensator, a 2-DoF system which consists of a revolute and a prismatic joint is investigated. In contrast to previous work, the proposed compensator considers the combined motion of rotation and translation. The obtained results were tested in simulation based on the dynamic model of the derived system. The simulation shows the effectiveness of the proposed compensator as it significantly reduces the effort required by the actuators to support the manipulator against gravity. The derived compensator model provides the necessary constraints on the design parameters.
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