Complete Description of Bounded Solutions for a Duffing-Type Equation with a Periodic Piecewise Constant Coefficient
Received 29 June 2023; accepted 04 September 2023; published 24 November 2023
2023, Vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 473-506
Author(s): Alfimov G. L., Lebedev M. E.
We consider the equation $u_{xx}^{}-u+W(x)u^3=0$ where $W(x)$ is a periodic alternating piecewise constant function. It is proved that under certain conditions for $W(x)$ solutions of this equation, which are bounded on $\mathbb{R}$, $|u(x)|<\xi$, can be put in one-to-one correspondence with bi-infinite sequences of numbers $n\in \{-N,\,\ldots,\,N\}$ (called ``codes'' of the solutions). The number $N$ depends on the bounding constant $\xi$ and the characteristics of the function $W(x)$. The proof makes use of the fact that, if $W(x)$ changes sign, then a ``great part'' of the solutions are singular, i.e., they tend to infinity at a finite point of the real axis. The nonsingular solutions correspond to a fractal set of initial data for the Cauchy problem in the plane $(u,\,u_x^{})$. They can be described in terms of symbolic dynamics conjugated with the map-over-period (monodromy operator) for this equation. Finally, we describe an algorithm that allows one to sketch plots of solutions by its codes.
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