ul. Universitetskaya 1, Innopolis, 420500 Russia
Mikhel S. K., Klimchik A. S.
Stiffness Model Reduction for Manipulators with Double Encoders: Algebraic Approach
2021, Vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 347-360
The accuracy of the robot positioning during material processing can be improved if the deformation under the load is taken into account. A manipulator stiffness model can be obtained using various approaches which differ in the degree of detail and computational complexity. Regardless of the model, its practical application requires knowledge of the stiffness parameters of the robot components, which implies solving the identification problem. In this work, we consider a reduced stiffness model, which assumes that the manipulator links are rigid, while the joints are compliant and include both elasticities in the joints themselves and the elastic properties of the links. This simplification reduces the accuracy of the model, but allows us to identify the stiffness parameters, which makes it suitable for practical application. In combination with a double encoders measurement system, this model allows for real-time compensation of compliance errors, that is, the deviation of the real end-effector position from the calculated one due to the deformation of the robot under load. The paper proposes an algebraic approach to determining the parameters of the reduced model in a general form. It also demonstrates several steps that can be done to simplify computations. First, it introduces the backward semianalytical Jacobian computation technique, which allows reducing the number of operations for the manipulator with virtual joints. Second, it provides an algorithm for the calculation of the required intermediate matrices without explicit Jacobian calculation and using more compact expressions. To compare the proposed techniques with the experimental approach, the robot deformation under load is simulated and the tool displacement is estimated. It is shown that both approaches are equivalent in terms of accuracy. While the experimental method is easier to implement, the algebraic approach allows analyzing the contribution of each link in a reduced model of