On the terminal motion of sliding spinning disks with uniform Coulomb friction

    2011, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp.  339-365

    Author(s): Weidman P. D., Malhotra C. P.

    We review previous investigations concerning the terminal motion of disks sliding and spinning with uniform dry friction across a horizontal plane. Previous analyses show that a thin circular ring or uniform circular disk of radius $R$ always stops sliding and spinning at the same instant. Moreover, under arbitrary nonzero initial values of translational speed $v$ and angular rotation rate $ω$, the terminal value of the speed ratio $ε_0 = v/Rω$ is always 1.0 for the ring and 0.653 for the uniform disk. In the current study we show that an annular disk of radius ratio $η = R_2/R_1$ stops sliding and spinning at the same time, but with a terminal speed ratio dependent on $η$. For a twotier disk with lower tier of thickness $H_1$ and radius $R_1$ and upper tier of thickness $H_2$ and radius $R_2$, the motion depends on both $η$ and the thickness ratio $λ = H_1/H_2$. While translation and rotation stop simultaneously, their terminal ratio $ε_0$ either vanishes when $k > \sqrt{2/3}$, is a nonzero constant when $1/2 < k < \sqtr{2/3}$, or diverges when $k < 1/2$, where $k$ is the normalized radius of gyration. These three regimes are in agreement with those found by Goyal et al. [S.Goyal, A.Ruina, J.Papadopoulos, Wear 143 (1991) 331] for generic axisymmetric bodies with varying radii of gyration using geometric methods. New experiments with PVC disks sliding on a nylon fabric stretched over a plexiglass plate only partially corroborate the three different types of terminal motions, suggesting more complexity in the description of friction.
    Keywords: rigid body dynamics, terminal motion, nonlinear behavior
    Citation: Weidman P. D., Malhotra C. P., On the terminal motion of sliding spinning disks with uniform Coulomb friction, Rus. J. Nonlin. Dyn., 2011, Vol. 7, No. 2, pp.  339-365

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