On Nonlinear Oscillations of a Near-Autonomous Hamiltonian System in the Case of Two Identical Integer or Half-Integer Frequencies
Received 01 February 2021
2021, Vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 77-102
Author(s): Kholostova O. V.
This paper examines the motion of a time-periodic Hamiltonian system with two degrees of freedom in a neighborhood of trivial equilibrium. It is assumed that the system depends on three parameters, one of which is small; when it has zero value, the system is autonomous. Consideration is given to a set of values of the other two parameters for which, in the autonomous case, two frequencies of small oscillations of the linearized equations of perturbed motion are identical and are integer or half-integer numbers (the case of multiple parametric resonance). It is assumed that the normal form of the quadratic part of the Hamiltonian does not reduce to the sum of squares, i.e., the trivial equilibrium of the system is linearly unstable. Using a number of canonical transformations, the perturbed Hamiltonian of the system is reduced to normal form in terms through degree four in perturbations and up to various degrees in a small parameter (systems of first, second and third approximations). The structure of the regions of stability and instability of trivial equilibrium is investigated, and solutions are obtained to the problems of the existence, number, as well as (linear and nonlinear) stability of the system’s periodic motions analytic in fractional or integer powers of the small parameter. For some cases, conditionally periodic motions of the system are described. As an application, resonant periodic motions of a dynamically symmetric satellite modeled by a rigid body are constructed in a neighborhood of its steady rotation (cylindrical precession) on a weakly elliptic orbit and the problem of their stability is solved.
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