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2013
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# Leonid Kurakin

8a, Milchakova st., Rostov-on-Don, 344090, Russia
Department of Mechanics and Mathematics, Rostov University

## Publications:

 Kurakin L. G., Kurdoglyan A. V. Semi-Invariant Form of Equilibrium Stability Criteria for Systems with One Cosymmetry 2019, Vol. 15, no. 4, pp.  525-531 Abstract The systems of differential equations with one cosymmetry are considered . The ordinary object for such systems is a one-dimensional continuous family of equilibria. The stability spectrum changes along this family, but it necessarily contains zero. We consider the nondegeneracy condition, thus the boundary equilibria separate the family on linearly stable and instable areas. The stability of the boundary equilibria depends on nonlinear terms of the system. The stability problem for the systems with one cosymmetry is studied in . The general problem is to apply the stability criteria one needs to compute coefficients of the model system. It is especially difficult if the system has a large dimension, while a number of critical variables may be small. A method for calculating coefficients is proposed in . In this work the expressions for the known stability criteria are proposed in a form convenient for calculation. The explicit formulas of the coefficients of the model system are given in semi-invariant form. They are expressed using the generalized eigenvectors of the linear matrix and its conjugate matrix. Keywords: stability, critical case, neutral manifold, cosymmetry, semi-invariant form Citation: Kurakin L. G., Kurdoglyan A. V.,  Semi-Invariant Form of Equilibrium Stability Criteria for Systems with One Cosymmetry, Rus. J. Nonlin. Dyn., 2019, Vol. 15, no. 4, pp.  525-531 DOI:10.20537/nd190411
 Kurakin L. G., Ostrovskaya I. V. Abstract In this paper the two-layer geostrophic model of the rotating fluid and the model of Bessel vortices are considered. Kirchhoff's model of vortices in a homogeneous fluid is the limiting case of both of these models. Part of the study is performed for an arbitrary Hamiltonian depending on the distances between point vortices. The review of the stability problem of stationary rotation of regular Thomson's vortex $N$-gon of identical vortices is given for ${N\geqslant 2}$. The stability problem of the vortex tripole/quadrupole is also considered. This axisymmetric vortex structure consists of a~central vortex of an arbitrary intensity and two/three identical peripheral vortices. In the model of a two-layer fluid, peripheral vortices belong to one of the layers and the central vortex can belong to either another layer or the same. The stability of the stationary rotation is interpreted as orbital stability (the stability of a one-parameter orbit of a stationary rotation of a vortex system). The instability of the stationary rotation is instability of equilibrium of the reduced system. The quadratic part of the Hamiltonian and eigenvalues of the linearization matrix are studied. The parameter space is divided into three parts: $\bf A$ is the domain of stability in an exact nonlinear setting, $\bf B$ is the linear stability domain, where the stability problem requires nonlinear analysis, and $\bf C$ is the instability domain. In the stability problem of a vortex multipole, another definition of stability is used; it is the stability of an invariant three-parametric set of all trajectories of the families of stationary orbits. It is shown that in the case of non zero total intensity, the stability of the invariant set implies orbital stability. Keywords: $N$-vortex problem, Thomson's vortex $N$-gon, point vortices, two-layer fluid, stability, Hamiltonian equation Citation: Kurakin L. G., Ostrovskaya I. V.,  On the Stability of Thomson’s Vortex $N$-gon and a Vortex Tripole/Quadrupole in Geostrophic Models of Bessel Vortices and in a Two-Layer Rotating Fluid: a Review, Rus. J. Nonlin. Dyn., 2019, Vol. 15, no. 4, pp.  533-542 DOI:10.20537/nd190412
 Kurakin L. G., Ostrovskaya I. V. The stability criterion of a regular vortex pentagon outside a circle 2012, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp.  355-368 Abstract The nonlinear stability analysis of a stationary rotation of a system of five identical point vortices lying uniform on a circle of radius $R_0$ outside a circular domain of radius $R$ is performed. The problem is reduced to the problem of equilibrium of Hamiltonian system with cyclic variable. The stability of stationary motion is interpreted as Routh stability. The conditions of stability, formal stability and instability are obtained subject to the parameter $q = R^2/R_0^2$. Keywords: point vortices, stationary rotation, stability, resonance Citation: Kurakin L. G., Ostrovskaya I. V.,  The stability criterion of a regular vortex pentagon outside a circle, Rus. J. Nonlin. Dyn., 2012, Vol. 8, No. 2, pp.  355-368 DOI:10.20537/nd1202010
 Kurakin L. G. On the Stability of Thomson’s Vortex Pentagon Inside a Circular Domain 2011, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp.  465-488 Abstract We investigate the stability problem for a system of five stationary rotation identical point vortices located at the vertices of a regular pentagon inside a circular domain. The main result is the proof of theorems which have been announced the author in paper (Doklady Physics, 2004, vol. 49, no 11, pp. 658–661). Keywords: point vortex, stationary motion, stability, resonance Citation: Kurakin L. G.,  On the Stability of Thomson’s Vortex Pentagon Inside a Circular Domain, Rus. J. Nonlin. Dyn., 2011, Vol. 7, No. 3, pp.  465-488 DOI:10.20537/nd1103005
 Kurakin L. G. The stability of Thomson's configurations of vortices in a circular domain 2009, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp.  295-317 Abstract The paper is devoted to stability of the stationary rotation of a system of $n$ equal point vortices located at vertices of a regular $n$-gon of radius $R_0$ inside a circular domain of radius $R$. T. H. Havelock stated (1931) that the corresponding linearized system has an exponentially growing solution for $n \geqslant 7$, and in the case $2 \leqslant n \leqslant 6$ — only if parameter $p=R_0^2/R^2$ is greater than a certain critical value: $p_{*n} < p < 1$. In the present paper the problem on stability is studied in exact nonlinear formulation for all other cases $0 < p \leqslant p_{*n}$, $n=2,\ldots,6$. We formulate the necessary and sufficient conditions for $n\neq5$. We give full proff only for the case of three vortices. A part of stability conditions is substantiated by the fact that the relative Hamiltonian of the system attains a minimum on the trajectory of a stationary motion of the vortex $n$-gon. The case when its sign is alternating, arising for $n=3$, did require a special study. This has been analyzed by the KAM theory methods. Besides, here are listed and investigated all resonances encountered up to forth order. In turned out that one of them lead to instability. Keywords: point vortices, stationary motion, stability, resonance Citation: Kurakin L. G.,  The stability of Thomson's configurations of vortices in a circular domain, Rus. J. Nonlin. Dyn., 2009, Vol. 5, No. 3, pp.  295-317 DOI:10.20537/nd0903001