Grigory Rozenblat

    64, Leningradskyi prospekt, 125319, Moscow
    The Moscow State Automobile and Road Technical University


    Rozenblat G. M., Grishakin V. T.
    This paper deals with a formulation and a solution of problems of the dynamics of mechanical systems for which solutions that do not take into account the unilateral nature of the constraints imposed on the objects under study have been obtained before. The motive force in all the cases considered is the gravity force applied to the center of mass of each body of the mechanical system. Since unilateral constraints are imposed on all systems of bodies considered in the abovementioned problems, their correct solution requires taking into account the unilateral action of the constraint reaction forces applied to the bodies of the systems under study. A detailed analysis of the motion of the systems after zeroing out the constraint reaction forces is carried out. Results of numerical experiments are presented which are used to construct motion patterns of the systems of bodies illustrating the motions of the above-mentioned systems after they lose contact with the supporting surfaces.
    Keywords: unilateral constraints, normal reactions, kinetic energy, free fall
    Citation: Rozenblat G. M., Grishakin V. T.,  Singularities of the Dynamics of Some Bar Systems with Unilateral Constraints, Rus. J. Nonlin. Dyn., 2023, Vol. 19, no. 2, pp.  187-200
    Zhuravlev V. F., Rozenblat G. M.
    This paper presents secure upper and lower estimates for solutions to the equations of rigid body motion in the Euler case (in the absence of external torques). These estimates are expressed by simple formulae in terms of elementary functions and are used for solutions that are obtained in a neighborhood of the unstable steady rotation of the body about its middle axis of inertia. The estimates obtained are applied for a rigorous explanation of the flip-over phenomenon which arises in the experiment with Dzhanibekov’s nut.
    Keywords: Euler top, permanent (steady) rotation, middle axis of inertia, estimates of solutions to differential equations
    Citation: Zhuravlev V. F., Rozenblat G. M.,  Estimates of Solutions During Motion of the Euler –Poinsot Top and Explanation of the Experiment with Dzhanibekov’s Nut, Rus. J. Nonlin. Dyn., 2020, Vol. 16, no. 3, pp.  517-525
    Rozenblat G. M.
    The problem of motion of an axisymmetric rigid body on a horizontal plane in the presence of gravity is considered. The body touches the plane at one point, and the plane is assumed to be perfectly smooth. In the already-known and integrable case of symmetric body the normal reaction force exerted by the plane onto the body is calculated and its sign is examined. The condition that the body remains in contact with the plane is that the reaction is positive because the constraint at the point of contact is assumed to be unilateral. In some cases a comparatively trivial analytical representation (a polynomial of degree two) for the reaction force is obtained which allows determination of the initial conditions and the body’s parameters for the body to remain in contact with the plane.
    Keywords: rigid body (tip-top), unilateral constraint, bouncing
    Citation: Rozenblat G. M.,  A method for determination of the parameters of motion of a top that moves without bouncing on a smooth plane, Rus. J. Nonlin. Dyn., 2008, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp.  87-98
    Rozenblat G. M.
    We study the motion (rolling motion) of a flat plate whose boundary is an arbitrary convex curve along a straight line. During the motion the plate is always in contact with the supporting line and subject to a dry friction. Plus, the plate is acted on by an arbitrary plane system of forces and at the point of contact only the unilateral constraint is assumed. All possible transitions from a rolling motion with slipping to a pure rolling without slipping and vice versa are classified. Necessary conditions for the plate to remain in contact with the line are obtained. The results obtained are used to study 1) the motion of a non-uniform circular disk, subject to gravity, on a rough horizontal straight line in the vertical plane and 2) the motion of a slender rod, subject to gravity, on a rough straight line.
    Keywords: rolling motion, dry friction, unilateral constraint
    Citation: Rozenblat G. M.,  On the motion of a two-dimensional rigid body on a rough straight line, Rus. J. Nonlin. Dyn., 2006, Vol. 2, No. 3, pp.  293-306

    Back to the list