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    Figures of equilibrium of an inhomogeneous self-gravitating fluid

    2014, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp.  73-100

    Author(s): Bizyaev I. A., Borisov A. V., Mamaev I. S.

    This paper is concerned with the figures of equilibrium of a self-gravitating ideal fluid with density stratification and a steady-state velocity field. As in the classical setting, it is assumed that the figure or its layers uniformly rotate about an axis fixed in space. As is well known, when there is no rotation, only a ball can be a figure of equilibrium.

    It is shown that the ellipsoid of revolution (spheroid) with confocal stratification, in which each layer rotates with inherent constant angular velocity, is at equilibrium. Expressions are obtained for the gravitational potential, change in the angular velocity and pressure, and the conclusion is drawn that the angular velocity on the outer surface is the same as that of the Maclaurin spheroid. We note that the solution found generalizes a previously known solution for piecewise constant density distribution. For comparison, we also present a solution, due to Chaplygin, for a homothetic density stratification.

    We conclude by considering a homogeneous spheroid in the space of constant positive curvature. We show that in this case the spheroid cannot rotate as a rigid body, since the angular velocity distribution of fluid particles depends on the distance to the symmetry axis.
    Keywords: self-gravitating fluid, confocal stratification, homothetic stratification, space of constant curvature
    Citation: Bizyaev I. A., Borisov A. V., Mamaev I. S., Figures of equilibrium of an inhomogeneous self-gravitating fluid, Rus. J. Nonlin. Dyn., 2014, Vol. 10, No. 1, pp.  73-100

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